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BANNER MARSH-WHEEL LAKE


Lake Information

County: Peoria

Acreage: 45

Recreational Amenities

Boat Fishing? 25HP, No wake over 25HP

Boat Ramps? No

Boat Rental? No

Skiing? No

Swimming? No

Picnicking? Yes

Camping? Yes



larger map link West End East End


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There are zebra mussels in this lake.


Lake Status Summary  ( Full PDF Report )

Click here for a list of all reports.

Species

Rank

Fish Status

BLUEGILL

Poor

The bluegill and redear sunfish population were sampled in low numbers in 2022. The bluegill and redear populations continue to have poor size structure and body condition. The food and space competition with gizzard shad and common carp have continued the slow growth of the panfish.

CHANNEL CATFISH

Good

The channel catfish population was represented by 16 fish in the spring trap nets in 2022. These fish were in good body condition with an average Wr of 102. The PSD of 100 and RSD18 of 94 indicates a population of large fish is present. 700 channel catfish were stocked in 2022.

CRAPPIE

Fair

In 2022, 57 black crappie were sampled with a PSD of 93, RSD9 of 67, RSD10 of 49, and an RSD11 of 32. 70 white crappie were sampled with a PSD of 96, RSD9 of 81, RSD10 of 73 and a RSD11 of 54. The body condition ratings were 91 and 99. Both crappie populations have seen a dramatic improvement in size indices since 2018. In 2018, the crappie harvest regulation changes to a harvest limit of 25 fish per day with only 10 fish over 10 inches allowed. Anglers should be able to concentrate on crappie with the flooded brush providing excellent habitat.

FLATHEAD CATFISH

Fair

A brood stock introduction of Flathead catfish was completed in 2000. 126 fish were stocked at an average weight of 4.9 pounds each. These fish should reproduce and maintain a low density population in the Marsh. Their diet has been shown to consist mainly of gizzard shad, bullheads, crawfish, carp, bluegill and crappie. 10 flathead catfish were collected by DC electrofishing in 2010, 1 in 2011, 4 in 2012, 9 in 2013, 1 in 2014, 8 in 2015 and 10 in 2016. In 2017, 6 fish from 20 to 46 inches were collected. In 2018, 3 fish from 22 to 32 inches were collected. In 2019, 6 fish from 18 to 37 inches were collected. And in 2020, 1 fish was collected at 19 inches in length. In 2022, 3 fish were collected from 26.3 to 40.6 inches in length. Natural reproduction and recruitment has been occurring in Wheel Lake.

LARGEMOUTH BASS

Good

In 2022, a spring trap net survey and a fall D.C. electrofishing survey was used to evaluate the fish population. The largemouth bass population was evaluated by 203 stock size bass from electrofishing with 100 minutes of effort. The largemouth bass population indices showed a high percentage of fish from 4 to 20 inches with good relative weight values. In 2000, the bass regulation for the Marsh was changed from a 14 inch minimum size limit and 1 fish per day - to a 12 to 18 inch protected slot length with a harvest of 3 fish under or over the slot per day. The 2022 electofishing survey indicated a size structure that is continuing to maintain a good level and stability since 2001. The PSD of 73, RSD14 of 43, RSD16 of 21 and the RSD18 of 6 have been consistent since 2012. The average body condition was a little low at 93. The goal of the protected slot length limit was to create a high density bass population that is composed of fish large enough to be efficient predators upon the high density of slow growing panfish and the rough fish population. The benefit to bass anglers will be more fish surviving past 14 inches to catch, and for the anglers wanting to harvest bass will be the opportunity to harvest more fish.

MUSKELLUNGE

Good

The muskie population was sampled by a total of 4 stock size muskie by the spring of 2022 trap net survey (.3 fish per net night). These fish ranged from 37 to 47.2 inches long. The body condition of these fish was good with an average Wr of 91. Muskie had been stocked annually in Wheel lake since the fall of 1996 at a rate of 1/acre. No muskie were stocked in 2015 or 2016. In 2017, 352 fish at 12.4 inches were stocked. No muskie stocking occurred in 2020 due to COVID production issues at Jake Wolf Hatchery. In 2021, 2,787 fish at 3 inches were stocked in June, and 423 fish at 13 inches were stocked in September. A triennial stocking is now scheduled to maintain a moderate density of healthy muskie. Illinois (Jake Wolf) muskie strain appear to be doing very good in this lake.

WHITE BASS

Fair

White bass have been collected since 2010 in IDNR surveys. They were probably an introduction by anglers from the Illinois River. In 2020, a total of 1 white bass was collected at 17 inches. In 2019, a total of 13 white bass were collected from 12.6 to 17.7 inches. In 2022, a total of 6 white bass were collected from 16.6 to 18.1 inches. The body condition was okay at a Wr of 87. A low density population will probably be maintained through natural reproduction and recruitment.

Location: Wheel Lake is located in Central Illinois in the 5,524 acre Banner Marsh State Fish and Wildlife Area, which lies adjacent to the Illinois River, 4 miles north of Banner, Illinois, along Route 24.

Description: Banner Marsh SFWA was characterized by narrow strip pits and upland ponds, but in 1994, the hydrology changed due to the intentional cessation of pumping operations in the levee district. The water level rose approximately 7 feet (435 M.S.L.) due mainly to groundwater recharge by seepage under the existing 1-100 year flood-tight levee with the Illinois River. The total surface water acreage for the site increased from 530 acres to approximately 2400 acres and created a large vegetated littoral zone.

Wheel Lake (approximately 350 acres) is a deep final cut lake which is connected to a large series of strip mine wheel cut lakes. The wheel cut portion contains points, islands, flooded brush and diverse aquatic vegetation, while the final cut portion has little littoral zone and gravel substrate. The maximum water depth is 60 feet. Water clarity averages 4 feet in the summer.

History and Status of the Sport Fishery: The former bottomland lake and marsh was leveed and drained for agricultural practice from 1910 through 1958. From 1958 to1974 approximately 90 percent of the site was strip-mined for coal. The strip-mined areas have since been reclaimed and purchased by the State of Illinois. Under the management of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources (1978 - present) the primary objective for the site is to establish a freshwater marsh providing fish and wildlife habitat in the Illinois River Valley.

Additional Lake Information: The East Point access area has a concrete boat ramp, 50 vehicle and trailer parking lot, restrooms and a picnic pavilion. The lake has a 25 hp motor limit. The site is open 24 hours a day, except for the Central Zone Duck Season, at which time only shoreline fishing is allowed after 1:00 p.m. Two-pole and line fishing only, except carp can be taken by bow and arrow devices, gigs or spears during May through August.

Site Regulations:

White, Black, or Hybrid Crappie:
- 25 Fish Daily Harvest Limit with no more than 10 fish greater than or equal to 10 inches.
Large or Smallmouth Bass:
- Protected Slot Length Limit from 12 to 18 inches with 3 fish daily harvest limit.
Muskie:
- 42 inch minimum and 1 fish per day harvest limit.
Channel Catfish:
- 6 Fish Daily Harvest Limit
Walleye:
- 14 inch minimum and 6 fish daily Harvest Limit
Recreational Use Restrictions:
-All live bait > 8 inch must be rigged with a quick set rig
-Waterfowl refuge or hunting area

Contact Information:
Rice Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area
309-647-9184
IDNR Fisheries Biologist, Rob Hilsabeck
309-370-5296

There were 10 tournaments held on this waterbody in 2020.

Species Total Fish Caught
Largemouth Bass 309

Top 5 Largemouth Bass caught on this waterbody in 2020 tournaments:

1     6.56 lbs
2     6.56 lbs
3     5.44 lbs
4     5.44 lbs
5     5.19 lbs

Top 5 Bag Weights of Largemouth Bass caught on this waterbody in 2020 tournaments:

1 233.38 lbs
2 88.19 lbs
3 61.70 lbs
4 43.26 lbs
5 40.31 lbs


Multiple day tournaments are listed with *end date and

Interested in participating in one of these public tournaments? Contact us with tournament ID for more information.

2020-2021 Approved or Pending Tournaments
Start Date ID Approval Ramp Location Bank/Boat
Hook/Bow
Max Boats Species Youth? Open to Public?
April-0626528ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
30Largemouth Bass
Yes
April-2026293ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
20Largemouth Bass
Yes
April-2026362ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
2Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
No
May-0426194ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
20Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Yes
May-0525659ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
15Largemouth Bass
No
May-1526601ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
25Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Yes
May-1925299ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
20Largemouth Bass
No
June-0825168ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
20Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Yes
July-1425675ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
17Largemouth Bass
No
July-1526847ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
20Largemouth Bass
Yes
July-2725444ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
10Largemouth Bass
No
August-0726607ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
25Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Yes
August-1726401ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
2Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
No
August-2425473ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
15Largemouth Bass
No
August-3125761ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
15Largemouth Bass
No
September-0825676ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
17Largemouth Bass
No
September-28
*September-29
26795ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
hook
15Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
No